Les Signes D Infamie Au Moyen ge
This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Honoré Champion in Paris, 1891. This book contains color illustrations.
Les Signes D Infamie Au Moyen Age Juifs Sarrasins H r tiques L preux Cagots Et Filles Publiques
Livre peut avoir de nombreuses fautes de frappe, le texte manquant, des images ou des index. Les acheteurs peuvent telecharger une copie gratuite scannee du livre original (sans fautes de frappe) de l'editeur. 1891. Extrait: ... LE SIGNE DES JUIFS. J'ai dit en commencant que c'est au xme siecle que les Juifs et, avec eux, les Sarrasins d'Occident furent tenus d'avoir sur leurs vetements un signe distinctif. M. Cheruel, qui s'est occupe incidemment de la question (1), fait remonter cette obligation au xiie siecle; selon lui, lorsque le pape Innocent II fit son entree solennelle a Saint-Denis, le 15 avril 1130, les Juifs seraient venus lui offrir une rouelle. Mais M. Cheruel a mal interprete le passage de la vie de Louis le Gros par Suger (2); il a (1) Dictionnaire historique des institutions, m urs et coutumes de la France, t. II, 629, v Juifs. (2) Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, t. XII, p. 58. Le texte de Suger porte: ... qu legis LES SIGNES D INFAMIE AU MOYEN AGE 7 confondu le rouleau de la loi, l'Ancien Testament, avec la rouelle dont il sera longuement parle ci-apres. L'Eglise eut l'initiative du signe (1): elle voulait ainsi empecher les unions entre Chretiens et Juifs (2). Ce fut du moins litteram rotulam scilicet velatam offerens, etc. Le commentaire, legis litteram, qui accompagne les mots rotulam scilicet velatam, indique suffisamment qu'il s'agit du rouleau de la loi, de l'Ancien Testament. (1) Cependant le texte le plus ancien relatif au signe de distinction se trouve dans la charte d'Alais, de 1200, art. 55, citee par la Revue des etudes juives, t. XIX, p. 267. On y lit: Gonstituimus ut inter Christianos et Judeos, quos pro sola humanitate sustinemus, in habitu vestium manifestus habeatur delectus, ut facile Judei a quovis discernantur, et eis indicimus ut habitum deferant dissimilem habitui Christianorum. (2) Contingit inlerdum q...
Speaking of Monsters
Employing a range of approaches to examine how "monster-talk" pervades not only popular culture but also public policy through film and other media, this book is a "one-stop shop" of sorts for students and instructors employing various approaches and media in the study of "teratologies," or discourses of the monstrous.
Prostitution in Medieval Society
"Prostitution in Medieval Society, a monograph about Languedoc between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, is also much more than that: it is a compelling narrative about the social construction of sexuality." – Catharine R. Stimpson
Truth and the Heretic
In the Middle Ages, the heretic, more than any other social or religious deviant, was experienced as an imaginary construct. Everyone believed heretics existed, but no one believed himself or herself to be a heretic, even if condemned as such by representatives of the Catholic Church. Those accused of heresy, meanwhile, maintained that they were the good Christians and their accusers were the false ones. Exploring the figure of the heretic in Catholic writings of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries as well as the heretic's characterological counterpart in troubadour lyrics, Arthurian romance, and comic tales, Truth and the Heretic seeks to understand why French literature of the period celebrated the very characters who were so persecuted in society at large. Karen Sullivan proposes that such literature allowed medieval culture a means by which to express truths about heretics and the epistemological anxieties they aroused. The first book-length study of the figure of the heretic in medieval French literature, Truth and the Heretic explores the relation between orthodoxy and deviance, authority and innovation, and will fascinate historians of ideas and literature as well as scholars of religion, critical theory, and philosophy.
Between Christian and Jew
In 1341 in Aragon, a Jewish convert to Christianity was sentenced to death, only to be pulled from the burning stake and into a formal religious interrogation. His confession was as astonishing to his inquisitors as his brush with mortality is to us: the condemned man described a Jewish conspiracy to persuade recent converts to denounce their newfound Christian faith. His claims were corroborated by witnesses and became the catalyst for a series of trials that unfolded over the course of the next twenty months. Between Christian and Jew closely analyzes these events, which Paola Tartakoff considers paradigmatic of inquisitorial proceedings against Jews in the period. The trials also serve as the backbone of her nuanced consideration of Jewish conversion to Christianity—and the unwelcoming Christian response to Jewish conversions—during a period that is usually celebrated as a time of relative interfaith harmony. The book lays bare the intensity of the mutual hostility between Christians and Jews in medieval Spain. Tartakoff's research reveals that the majority of Jewish converts of the period turned to baptism in order to escape personal difficulties, such as poverty, conflict with other Jews, or unhappy marriages. They often met with a chilly reception from their new Christian brethren, making it difficult to integrate into Christian society. Tartakoff explores Jewish antagonism toward Christians and Christianity by examining the aims and techniques of Jews who sought to re-Judaize apostates as well as the Jewish responses to inquisitorial prosecution during an actual investigation. Prosecutions such as the 1341 trial were understood by papal inquisitors to be in defense of Christianity against perceived Jewish attacks, although Tartakoff shows that Christian fears about Jewish hostility were often exaggerated. Drawing together the accounts of Jews, Jewish converts, and inquisitors, this cultural history offers a broad study of interfaith relations in medieval Iberia.
Renaissance Impostors and Proofs of Identity
Early Modern Europe was teeming with impostors. Identity theft (as in the case of Martin Guerre) was only one form of misrepresentation: royal pretenders, envoys from imaginary lands, religious dissimulators, cross-dressers, false Gypsies - all these were causing deep anxiety, which led authorities to invent increasingly sophisticated means for unmasking deception. From theories about racial characteristics, through branding or distinctive garments, down to permits and passports - such were the weapons in the struggle to attain reliable verification of every person's identity.
Hierarchy Commerce and Fraud in Bourbon Spanish America
Using El lazarillo de ciegos caminantes (the "Guide for Blind Rovers" by Alonso Carrio de Lavandera, the best known work of the era) as a jumping off point for a sprawling discussion of 18th-century Spanish America, Ruth Hill argues for a richer, more nuanced understanding of the relationship between Spain and its western colonies. Armed with primary sources including literature, maps, census data, letters, and diaries, Hill reveals a rich world of intrigue and artifice, where identity is surprisingly fluid and always in question. More importantly, Hill crafts a complex argument for reassessing our understanding of race and class distinctions at the time, with enormous implications for how we view conceptions of race and class today.
The Image of the Black in Western Art From the early Christian Era to the Age of Discovery from the demonic threat to the incarnation of sainthood
In the 1960s, art patron Dominique de Menil founded an image archive showing the ways that people of African descent have been represented in Western art. Highlights from her collection appeared in three large-format volumes that quickly became collectorâe(tm)s items. A half-century later, Harvard University Press and the Du Bois Institute are proud to publish a complete set of ten sumptuous books, including new editions of the original volumes and two additional ones. The new edition of From the Pharaohs to the Fall of the Roman Empire offers a comprehensive look at the fascinating and controversial subject of the representation of black people in the ancient world. Classic essays by distinguished scholars are aptly contextualized by Jeremy Tannerâe(tm)s new introduction, which guides the reader through enormous changes in the field in the wake of the âeoeBlack Athenaâe story.